Cannabis 101

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CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the major cannabinoids found in Cannabis plants.

CBD What is it?

CBD or Cannabidiol is a chemical compound found in Cannabis plants. It is found in all types of Cannabis, both THC varieties commonly referred to as Marijuana and Hemp Cannabis or otherwise referred to as Hemp. 

Believed to be the earliest documented use of cannabis based medications dates back to 2737 BC when Chinese Emperor Sheng Nung used a cannabis-infused tea to aid with a variety of ailments.*

In the 1830's an Irish physician and medical researcher William B. O'Shaughnessy, wrote and published a study which investigated the plant's theraputic, medical, effects and benefits as well as potential applications.*

(*Source: Medium: https://medium.com/cbd-origin/the-history-of-cbd-a-brief-overview-68545c05ccc9)

In modern times, and since the legalization of of Hemp on a US-Federal level, the use and pursuit of good CBD products and Hemp flower is evolving with each harvest. Although CBD was once considered the essential compound within Cannabis, it is now known that CBDa is actually 1,000 times more potent, but we'll discuss that later on in the CBDa section.

CBD unlike it's cousin THC, CBD does not get you high, or "stoned". In fact it does not interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the same way that THC does at all. Which is why more users experience a body feeling rather than a head feeling. It is still not uncommon to feel a buzz from smoking or vaping Hemp products, this is quite normal as high amounts of CBDa, and THCa can produce a nice mellow or calming effect, which is usually the desired effect. Combine that with the right mix of terpenes and you have a good full-spectrum effect. This is often referred to as "entourage" or "synergy", some CBD users also refer to it as reaching a state of "homeostasis".

CBD can be taken as an Isolate, Full-Spectrum, and Broad-Spectrum. It depends on the product and desired uses and we will cover all of that as well.

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Hemp Oil Tincture Containing CBDa

CBDa Less is more

We've learned that CBD is a major compound, and we've discussed that CBDa Cannabidiolic acid is it's precursor. Let's discuss a bit more in detail how CBDa and it's precursor compound works, and why it's so much more, while being a lot less.

First let's learn about CBGa Cannabigerolic acid the MOTHERSHIP or GOD particle if-you-will of cannabis. CBGa breaks down into the other major and minor cannabinoids. This includes THCa, CBDa, and CBCa. CBGa undergoes change through decarboxylation. Once the CBGa breaks down into it's lesser forms it is less potent. CBDa in the same sense breaks down into CBD once it is decarboxylated. Currently most studies envolving CBDa are non-human testing, so at this stage it's hard to say what other applications can be applied. Seizure medication, anti-depression medication, anti-inflammatory, even cancer treatments are potentiel for the uses of CBDa in it's more potent form. Some users will even juice up fresh hemp flowers to get the CBDa right from the source. Currently most applications we see using CBDa are tinctures and gel-caps. Hemp flowers usually contain a lot of CBDa if they are well grown, this decarboxylates when you smoke or vape it, and turns into the CBD you take in. Some folks believe that vaping is more efficient as you burn off the cannabinoids instead of incinerating them.

Medical CBD Fact: A drug known as Epidiolix manfuctered by GW Pharmacuticals, is made from cannabis. Technically it is a pharmacutical grade CBD oil. It is used to treat seizures. This is the first FDA approved Cannabis based medication.

If you want more details about Epidiolix, visit: Greenwich Biosciences, these guys are working miracles in the field of cannabinoids.

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Immature cannabis plant

CBG Cannabigerol

CBG like CBD comes from hemp and cannabis plants. I can come from processed hemp flowers, hemp processed into gel-caps or tinctures can contain CBG as well, but before you run off thinking you need this, CBG is much different in how it works with the CB1 and CB2 receptor than THC and CBD. It is believed that recent study it in fact antagonizes the CB1 receptors and displays a binding affinity to the CB2 receptors in the Endocannabinoid system. 

Because of this interaction with these receptors science believes that CBG is a good treatment option for cancer patients, Chron's, IBD Inflammatory Bowl Disease, it can also reduce ocular pressure which can aid in glaucoma.

Products high in CBG are recommended for those seeking a truly holistic approach to these issues. Although we are not doctors we have witnessed first-hand what CBG can do.

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a Hemp flower nugget high in CBGa

CBGa Cannabigerolic acid

We already touched base on CBGa before in the CBDa topic section, let's see if we can help you understand what CBGa does and why it's important to understand how a lab report reads in order to get the right type of CBD and CBG based product. Different cannabinoids have different effects on the body, CBG is great for treating ailments such as IBD, cancer, Chron's, Inflammation, and nerve pain. CBGa is the precursor form CBG, and as it is heated it decarboxylates into what you consume which is the CBG. Remember you want a hemp flower that is HIGH in CBGa, not CBG, if it is already lab tested as CBG when you heat it or smoke it the potency will be even less effective, and really it's not going to be the best quality. If you are buying a tincture product it will most likely have high amounts of CBG and CBD mixed, this usually works well, but we recommend finding a full-spectrum or at least broad spectrum tincture, gummie, or use hemp flower that is high in CBGa.

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Sleeping cat. Cute ain't he?

CBN Cannabinol

CBN is a mildly pyshcoactive form of aged THC, yup thats a right, T became a C. See you, you learn something everyday. Seriously though recent studies have shown that CBN is formed in aged or poorly cured cannabis that had enough amounts of THC in it to form the CBN compound. CBN is currently being studied as a sleep aid, and according Steep Hill current studies show it has inconsistent quality results in insomnia trials and requires further study. They however concluded that it does have application uses in replacement to Delta-9 THC MMJ treatments with little to no psychoactivity*.

(*Source: Steep Hill: https://www.steephill.com/blogs/34)

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Hemp being dried.

CBC and CBCa Cannabichromene and Cannabicromic acid

So, if you've been paying attention I bet you're probably guessing that CBCa is the precursor to CBC and again is produced through some form of decarboxylation. You would be right, and high five for paying attention, seriously good job. CBC or Cannabichromene is a fairly new cannabinoid that is currently undergoing a ton of study, but as far as we know it's current uses would be for anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial. Some recent studies even show signs that CBC and CBCa can act as a type of Hemp based immune booster. Would love to say that we are taking in our share of immunity boosting goodness!

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Color Spectrum - Not to be confused with Full-Spectrum or Broad-Spectrum

Full-Spectrum & Broad-Spectrum

Full-Spectrum is often referred to as something that contains all the major and minor cannabinoids even if only some are in smaller amounts. True full-spectrum is actually harder to find than it sounds. A few ways to be 100% is to send the stuff away and have it tested yourself, or be realistic and try an actual tested product that works. Currently we endorse a few products that are as we believe the reports to be accurate after we concluded our own product testing inhouse, check out our review page for some of these products. Keep in mind some CBD products are also referred to as broad-spectrum, this is pretty much an almost complete CBD product, it probably contains too little of one or more cannabinoid to be considered 100% full-spectrum. True full spectrum must also contain true terpenes, usually hemp extracted. These terpenes make up the smells and tastes of the CBD product. Think of the color wheel here all the cannabinoids, smells and flavors in a full-spectrum product work together in the same way these colors swirl together into a spectrum.

Full-Spectrum & Broad-Spectrum benefits:
Getting all the major and minor cannabinoids in your doses, this goes a long way especially in tinctures. Go for the ones that have concentrated CBGa or CBDa, they maybe in the 1% or less margin, but remember with the acids a little goes a long way. When buying flower you are almost always guaranteed a nice even cut of compounds unless of course you are getting CBG flower in that case it's sometimes lower in other minors. Most good live resin, and vape carts are full-spectrum, and they only require a few puffs each day for effectiveness. Always check the lab reports, and always read valid good reviews. Check ours out too.

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CBD Isolate Powder

Isolates

Isolates are just that isolated pure CBD. Isolates are often referred to as CBD crystal, isolate powder, crystal slab, and shatter. CBD isolates are 100% THC free and are often times far cheaper. They are still quite versatile and can aid in quite a lot of creations such as food, baking, shakes, it can be added to hemp flower and smoked for added CBD doses, it can be rolled into a joint with CBD and CBD Kief for added flavor, it can even be dabbed or vaped on it's own. It is quite tasteless which is why most users prefer to add it to oils and teas, as well as foods in order to get CBD through something they already intake on a daily basis.

Isolates although pure CBD are not always the best form, sometimes a full-spectrum or broad-spectrum treatment is necessary. The only time we fully recommend an isolate regiment is if you are concerned about drug testing. THC free isolates will never show up on a drug test, while some plants and other items in the broad-spectrum and full-spectrum range will show trace amounts of THC and could come up on standard drug tests.

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Marijuana Nugs, Nuggets, or Buds

Delta-9 THC Tetrahydrocannabinol

Delta-9 THC is a compound in Marijuana and trace amounts in Hemp plants that causes the pyschoactive properties or the "high" of smoking Marijuana. Delta-9 THC or D9, is derived through decarboxylating THCa found in the plants, this is usually inhaled and the sensations and "high" effect are usually immediate. This is the biggest reasons why D9 MMJ therapies came into being. It was a quick way to effeciently treat conditions in which we had little to no way to treat prior other than sedating the patient. D9 and MMJ therapies are also controversal as some users report they have too much anxiety, or other issues such as "couch-lock" or just plan lack of motivation. Delta-9 THC can cause these side-effects and more, including dry-eye, dry-mouth, increased heart rate, paranoia, and anxiety. Unlike CBD it interfaces and directly reacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Further research is being conducted currently into THCa, D9, THCv as well as CBN, CBCa, CBDa and CBGa to combine the compounds into a true whole plant medication that would deliver all the cannabinoids in a safe way without the side-effects. This type of medication could be the answer for an FDA approved THC based medication. Unfortunately until the Federal US government decides to open the legalization and study of the substance it remains a heavy path to tread with some researchers even being shut down by the law agencies wrongfully for doing legal medical studies.

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Medical Marijuana

Delta-8 THC Tetrahydrocannabinol

THC Delta-8 is a semi-psychoactive compound found in aged or over-cured Hemp and Marijuana plants. The THCa in the plant turns into Delta-9 THC over time and continues to change until it reaches higher levels of this new compound Delta-8 THC or D8 for short. D8 is a conversation starter and as the DEA has now taken a stance on it since it is semi-pyschoactive (to some users), it is now being determined whether or not it will be considered a controlled substance. Currently D8 only occurs in aged plants, and only in very small amounts, therefore the only way to take D8 is through processed oils which are "manufactured". Currently most sellers have taken D8 off the market until the DEA finds a common law to establish on whether or not it will be considered an MMJ product, CBD product, or just completely illegal all-together. Currently our findings show the Delta-8 in vape form have been able to deal with all the ailments that Delta-9 treats such as mood, depression, anxiety, inflammation, appetite, IBD, Chron's, diabetes, cancer, seizures, glaucoma, and others, but without some of the common side-effects associated with Delta-9 such as paranoia, dry-mouth, impairment, and intoxication. Studies are really still out on this one, but we think in a few years time it will join it's sibling Delta-9 THC on the MMJ market.

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Cannabis plants in bloom.

THCv Tetrahydrocannabivarin

THCv is a close genetic cousin to THC and THCa, but it's molecular structure makes the way it effects the body very differently. In small doses THCv does not appear to have any of the pyschoactive properties of THC, however it does have it's own psychoactive effect and has been described as being clear-headed and euphoric. THCv is also thought to mitigate the effects of THC in the Endocannabinoid system. THCv has been studied for appetite control, anti-inflammatory, neurprotective properties, anti-nausea, bone health, anti-psychotic, anti-anxiety, seizure medication, as well as sleep promotion.

More recent studies are going into treatments for Type 2 Diabetes, pain studies, and other potential medical applications. Currently there are still studies needed to find all the applications for this compound, but whats been discovered is already astounding.*

(Source: CannaMD: https://www.cannamd.com/thcv-everything-you-need-to-know/)

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High THCa Cannabis nug or bud.

THCa Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid

THCa or Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is a non-intoxicating compound found in raw cannabis plants. With heat THCa converts to THC through natural processes, manufacturing, and when heat is added to smoke or vape. As THCa is decarboxylated it converts into THC and becomes the intoxicating compound, but is THCa relevant on it's own? Many studies are showing that THCa in it's base form can be used as a neuroprotectant which may be beneficial in the treatment of illnesses such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and other advanced conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis*.

(*Source: Cresco Labs: https://www.crescolabs.com/cannabinoids/thca/)

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Blooming plant - not cannabis

Terpenes

Terpenes are a class of organic compounds that exist in a variety of plants mostly conifers, and some by insects. Terpenes in plants often have a strong odor and may even protect the plants by deterring pests, insects, and even herbivores that might eat it.

Terpenes also exist in the cannabis family of plants, which include Cannabis Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis whether Hemp or Marijuana. Whether or not you are looking for a cheesey, skunky, citrus-smelling, or something else. Terpenes are the reason your nose and taste buds enjoy and get the different sensations that they do from different strains of Hemp flower and of course Marijuana.

Science has more recently discovered that terpenes can actually aid in the "synergy" or "entourage" effects by completing the circle so-to-speak and getting a complete balance of taste, smell, effect, and cannabinoid levels.

Currently there are 20,000 known types of terpenes, cannabis has about 100 of these, which is a fairly large number considering the amount of plants and trees that are out there. Fun thing to consider next time you smell an orange.

Keep in mind too, terpenes also affect the cannabis compounds in the way that they interact with the CB receptors in the body, thus we fully believe that a full-spectrum experience includes all the major, minor cannabinoids, including the terpenoids as well.

Terpenes can be both synthetic and natural varieties. In the former synthetics are often used in candies and the like, while natural varieties such as extracted cannabis terpenes are used in CBD and THC based medical and recreational products. Terpenes will often set one flower apart from another so much so that it would make it more valued. Some folks want really skunky smells, while others want fruity tastes, it's hard to get both, but if you can, and genetics and testing say you could get there, then you have a real winning strain. Terpenes are really a big part in the cannabis world and they are a part of the Endocannabinoid process as well as important in playing roles in the "entourage" and " synergy" effects. Important thing to consider when choosing "flavors" or strains.

(Source: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terpene)
(Source: True Blue: https://www.true-blue.co/blogs/news/everything-you-need-to-know-about-terpene-extraction)

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Heavily Trichome covered Hemp nug or flower bud

Trichomes and Keif

Trichomes are basically little tiny appendages on the outside of plants, and flowers. In the cannabis family this is not all that different. Hemp and Marijuana plants both have trichomes on them, these trichomes are often responsible for a big part of the taste and smell in the cannabis strain. Trichomes are also responsible and play a huge part in protecting the cannabis flowers and plants from winds, insects, and other damage.

There are 3 types of Trichomes, they are; Bulbous, Capitate sessile trichomes, and Capitate-stalked trichomes, with the third type being the largest of the 3 varieties.

(Source: Leafly.com: https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/what-are-trichomes-on-cannabis)

Keif is the resinous form of trichomes that are usually left behind once you break up or grind hemp flower, nug or bud. You usually need a special grinder in order to catch the keif at the bottom, and use it later is it takes a while to build up a nice collection. Keif is often used to flavor the outside of joints, and is sometimes sprinkled on bowls, pipes over flower, or wax and shatters or other concentrates as well. Keif is usually a very strong flavor, and burns off quite quickly, the most common products in the CBD world sold with keif are pre-rolled joints rolled in keif as well as Keif sold on its own, and "asteroids" which are nugs or hemp flower buds rolled in CBD oils or concentrates, then rolled in keif.

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Hemp Shatter Wax Made with Hemp and Hemp Extracted Terpenes

Concentrates

Hemp cannabis concentrates are made from extracted raw hemp cannabis and refining that into a rosin, live resin, shatter wax, crumble wax, budder, badder, honeycomb wax, crystalline, and distillate. Some of the most common in the CBD world are the pre-filled oil cartridges that are usually either a hemp CO2 extracted distillate, we also seen waxes, shatters, budders, and badders available. Be careful when choosing a concentrate, check the ingredients to ensure it is not a mixture of PG, VG, and CBD isolate. This is not a good product for dabbing and should be avoided. Always insist on seeing the list of ingredients and they should be hemp and hemp extracted terpenes. Concentrates as to what the name implies are concentrated forms of cannabis compounds and as such offer bigger doses with less use than smoking traditional hemp cannabis flower.

Concentrates can also technically be considered oils such as sublinguals and sprays. These are also concentrated forms of hemp cannabis and thus offer a bigger dose than hemp flower itself. 

The Endocannabinoid System or ECS

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The Endocannabinoid system is part of our entire internal make-up, we have receptors from our brain to our muscles, all the way to the reproductive organs.

First a little history on cannabis and the ECS.

The Endocannabinoid System or ECS for short was found in the early 1990s. It was the scientific piece of information that finally gave some truth to the age-old cannabis enthusiast thought, that man and cannabis were truly made for each other. Our body was wired to receive cannabinoids, plain and simple. People have found that by responsible use and consumption of both Hemp and Marijuana cannabis products and flowers, that they have been able to improve their lives. Either by relieving pain, stress, anxiety, insomnia, and so many other disorders that have become more and more commonplace. Why you ask? Well think about this. The American "Marihuana'' Tax Act of 1937** was the first national regulation of Marijuana in the states, it was eventually entirely outlawed by 1970. Since then the American/State and Federal governments including the DEA and other drug enforcement groups did everything they could to illegalize Marijuana and cannabis in any form. They did far more than that, with propaganda movies such as "Reefer Madness" which showed young teens getting "hooked" on Marijuana, which of course became known as a "gateway" drug. It got far worse, and used *racially charged propagandized lies to make a case for the conservatives to fear and to keep your kids away from the evil plant known as "Marijuana". All of this nonsense led to the 1971 charge into the "war on drugs", which saw a rise in arrests of 4 times the amount than the previous year. Eventually regardless of what type of cannabis it was all viewed as illegal. America has seen a rise in health issues such as Type 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease, Cholesterol, Arthritis, Alzheimer's, as well as a slew of over ailments, folks in the cannabis enthusiast group feel that this is not a coincidence, not at all. We have also seen a massive increase in prescription medications as well as opioid abuse. All of which can be addressed and helped with the responsible use of medical cannabis, all-be-it Hemp or otherwise. Even though a lot of the nonsense slowed down into the 1990s, we still heard and watched movie portrayals of stereo-types perpetrating the type of cannabis user that still implies it's only something to use to get stoned or high and only by idiots, morons and of course we still see the racial stereo-types, even to this day*.

(*Source: The Stranger: https://www.thestranger.com/weed/2018/04/20/26066781/the-histories-of-cannabis-and-race-are-intertwined)
(**Source: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marihuana_Tax_Act_of_1937)

Until 1996 a lot of this was not going to change, but once California legalized Marijuana that was the first step in pushing things forward for a country that had lost almost 100 years of growth in a potentially trillion dollar farming industry, but it was still a rough next 10+ years until 2008 when a few legal states started adding regulations. Whether they were a medical state, or a recreational state, the cannabis laws were changing. In 2018, things got even better with the passing of the Federal Farm bill and allowing the sale of CBD hemp flower, and CBD hemp products in ALL 50 states. This has allowed so much more cultivation, genetic growth, product enhancement, better products, better processes, and many more advancements all made possible through some forward thinking. Not only are CBD and Hemp companies changing the way people think about cannabis based medications and recreational products, it's bringing back age old remedies that had been lost to years of propaganda and stupidity.

Foundations such as the National Hemp Association along with some of the stronger financial players in the cannabis industry so far have pressing to ensure that the legality has not yet been contested, but we never know in a country that has a heavy hand and head for fear and misinformation when it comes to cannabis this is something we all fear in the hemp industry as well as the marijuana industry. Cannabis as a medication needs to stay even if not for recreational use, but I personally feel that denying the use of Hemp or Marijuana on a recreational basis is as close-minded as prohibition was in the 1920s. That didn't work and quite literally created a power struggle within organized crime to see who could run the most liquor. Let's just hope things stay nice and legal so we can all enjoy the benefits of hemp and hemp products.

If you want to have some fun check out the Hemp Pledge, and go take it yourself. It makes you feel good inside. We also feel like it's good to hold everyone accountable for the goods they use and consume.

https://nationalhempassociation.org/hemp-pledge/ - Hemp Pledge

This is 1930s Cannabis culture...

In case you wanted to see it first-hand, here is the trailer for the dumbest take on cannabis ever.

Video from Propaganda Time - YouTube.

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The human brain - Impressive huh?

Why is the ECS so important?

So, we've said why we think the ECS is a key aspect in health, but why? It's actually real simple. Each type of cannabinoid and there are currently 100+ known compounds in the cannabis plant. There are only 8 key compounds (and we've covered most of the ones we have good knowledge to-date). They are; CBGa, THCa, CBDa, CBCa, CBGva, THCva, CBDva, and CBCva. The varinic acid, and acid compounds are precursor compounds to the major compounds we discussed already. 

When you ingest, smoke, vape, or use a patch to consume cannabis the ECS is taking in each of the cannabinoids in the product you are using. Each one applies itself to the receptors in the parts of the body it interacts with or antagonizes with thus creating a harmony through-out the ECS and allowing you to achieve a healthier self, mind and hopefully spirit too.

Fine tuning the ECS is like getting an old car to run right, it might take some time for some folks to "feel" the life changing effects of CBD and cannabis products. As with everything time will always show results. The ECS is no different, in some cases it needs time to adjust and harmonize within the body, especially if you have a ton of health issues you want to address.

Using Hemp Products

Whether you choose Hemp in pure form like oils rich in CBDa, CBG, CBGa, or hemp flower to concentrates, there are a lot of ways to intake your daily dose of awesome.

First let's talk Bioavailability.

What is Bioavailability? Basically this is the amount of anything that enters your body that makes into your circulatory system. Smoking, vaping, and dabbing are the highest bioavailable methods and usually reach about 30-40% bioavailability but the duration is the least around 3 hours or less. Ingestion, and tinctures can linger between 6-19% depending on how you take them and whether or not you had an empty stomach but the duration here is 7 hours or more. Topicals, lotions and others like them can have even lower percentages around 1-5%, with oil based capsules and edibles at the bottom with in some cases less than 1%.

The methods that lose the most bioavailability are due to the digestion of the product, it has to be digested first in order to obtain the effect, sub-linguals, and sprays can be sprayed under the tongue which is fairly quickly absorbed if held there. These methods still lose potency by the time they reach the bloodstream.

So, why is this important? Simple, you need to understand how each product's bioavailbility is different and how that might change the way you choose the product you want to use for intake.

Let's take a look at the ways we can use hemp cannabis products.

  1. Smoking Hemp Flower - This is probably the most basic way to consume any form of cannabis, smoking the cured flowers and inhaling the compounds directly into your bloodstream through the lungs. It is also one of the fastest delivery methods, and allows for the highest level of bioavailability which is your body's ability to absorb the compounds in the cannabis. Remember smoking is still technically not good for you, but in this one instance we support the use of hemp smoking and we have to warn you against "possible" health risks related to "smoking". In general cannabis smoking does not seem to be attributed to nearly as many health risks as tobacco smoke, but it is something that is still under considerable study. In order to smoke cannabis hemp flower you will need either rolling papers, cones, blunt wraps, wraps, palm wraps, water-pipes, bubblers, or even just a plain old one-hitter. You can find these at a local smoke or head-shop. Tell them what you need it for, and they can help. Most places are pretty good at what they sell.
  2. Dry Herb Vaporizer - Using a dry herb vape or vaporizer is a arguably one of the best ways to use, taste, and get the best benefits of the compounds found in cannabis hemp flower. Because dry herb vape happens at a lower temperature than burning the material, the vape is usually less harsh, the terpene's tastes/smells are more defined and the major and minor cannabinoids are delivered in a more pure and consistent dose. This will however be a bit more expensive than buying some rolling papers or a water-pipe at a head-shop, think more along a $200 investment or more, but as long as it is made of good quality material it will last a few years at minimum. Probably best buying one online and direct from the manufacturer, this will help avoid counterfeits.
  3. Vaping Concentrates or Oils -  Usually vape oils are pre-filled cartridges in the world of cannabis. Some products are available in re-fill syringes. These oils can range from Live Resin extracts, distillates, CO2 Extracted hemp, and some can contain carrier oils such as Proplyne Glycol, Vegetable Glycerin, Propel Ethylene Gylcol, or Medium-Chain Triglycerides. These last 4 are bad news, and should not be used in cannabis vapes. Most good CBD oils are made from refined hemp extracts, if they add anything it should be hemp extracted or cannabis extracted terpenes.
  4. Dabbing - Dabbing has been one of the "enthusiast" methods to use cannabis since it was introduced. Once producers figured out how to make extracts such as waxes, shatters, or budders/badders and resins/rosins, they were able to dab them in a Dab-Rig. So, what's a Dab-Rig you ask? Well it's a water-pipe, that uses a nail (which is like a heating element), dabber (it grabs the dab), a torch, and a carb cap. You would heat the nail (make sure it's secure), heating to the desired temperature, then allow the nail to cool, slowly add the concentrate amount from the dabber, cover the carb with the cap and inhale. This is another great way to vape concentrates, but due to it's complex nature most people avoid it unless they are really into spending $500-$600 on a good setup. Again this is a method to consider once you decide concentrates is the way to go.
  5. Ingesting and Sublingual - Ingestion and sublingual use of drops, tinctures, gel-caps, gummies, and cannabis infused foods are some of the most popular way to consume and get your full-spectrum dose. It is for man Americans an easier way to use it, since it is less obvious, rarely causes dry-mouth, or other side-effects such as that "I just smoked weed smell" that cannabis might have otherwise, if smoked, vaped, dabbed, etc. Intgestion for some can also be far more potent, depending on the regiment and the type of intake, it may just be the best way for some folks to use cannabis based medications. For instance some tinctures and gel-caps have decent amounts of CBDa, and CBGa 1-2%. This is really good, just remember the acids are 1,000 times more potent and need to breakdown into the lesser cannabinoids. Thus ingestion for some is a really fantastic way to get lasting relief, as it is a slow controlled burst of cannabinoids, that for some can last all day with 1 dose. 
  6. Transdermal Patch - Using a patch is one of the less common methods of taking in cannabis based compounds. Patches can come in both the CBD and the THC varieties and in varrying strengths and use categories. though this isn't as common, this is a good option for the set-and-forgot folks, this is also a real strong dose on some of the patches we have seen on the medical market, and they can really be great for chronic pain sufferers that otherwise would just have to use other products all the time.
  7. Additional Methods - Blending fresh raw uncured hemp nugs into a smoothie or protien shake, using a CBD infused bath bomb, or try some CBD infused pain roll-on, pain creams, hemp oil based candles, terpene infused CBD tea, CBD/Hemp infused Beer and Alchololic beverages, and a heck of a lot more. CBD and THC based products are being made all the time, we have now have new extracts from compounds like CBC, and CBN as well as Delta-8 THC, so this world is always growing. Check back, we'll tell you when something new is here.
  8. What about pets? - Oh of course, we love our pets too. Animals also have an Endocannabinoid system, although different from ours in some ways. If you want to try and give your pets some CBD my best suggestion is start with treats that are 100% organic, check the ingredients and make sure there are not a lot of fillers. Probably go for 1 treat per day and see what the results are. A lot of pet owners use them for anxiety, and even seizures in pets. We've yet to review a good CBD/THC medication/treat product for any animals that we feel is worth the money. Although currently we are checking over a few dog, and cat related CBD medications and treats, nothing yet has been "amazing" or passing grade worthy in our opinion.

Brands we like

Click a logo to visit one of these guys, they are all good at what they do. We have tested products from each of these companies and have been happy with each purchase. From our use, and experiences both in customer service as well as shipping speed, and product quality these have been the companies that stood out. In the fields of CBD there are tons of choices. We hope this will help you make an educated decision. This list is growing everyday as we are always testing new products. Once we are satisfied that a particular vendor is up to snuff, we list them here. Not listed, ask us.

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The Legal stuff

Disclaimer(s):
My Personal Disclosure: - Message from the Bud Tender 

Although I highly recommend, and use CBD and Cannabis based medications, as well as recreationally use Hemp, and Hemp based products. I do not claim that these products will treat or heal any illness or disease. Hemp, Cannabis or any part where-in as discussesed on my site or the CBD Bud Tender Bud instagram are intended as educational ONLY, and is not the advice of a medical doctor.

FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) DISCLOSURE:
These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. Always check with your physician before starting a new botanical extract, medicinal herb, or dietary supplement program.

Notice to law enforcement authorities: Some of the products and materials reviewed on this website might look like marijuana, but it is actually legal industrial hemp flower. Recent historic legislation establishes the legality of industrial hemp produced in state pilot agricultural programs. Congress provides the requisite definition for allowable amounts of THC. industrial hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis”. An important legal distinction also appears in the first sentence of this bill, stating: “Notwithstanding the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of title 41, United States Code, or any other Federal law”. The term “notwithstanding” was widely used by the 114th Congress as a way to supersede previous laws that may apply, without going through the process of overturning them. This confirms that hemp cannot be considered “marijuana” under the CSA. Consolidated Appropriations Act, Sec. 763 (2016) This legislation was the omnibus federal budget for FY2016. According to 7 U.S.C. §5940, the term “industrial hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9 THC) concentration of not more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis. Only the Delta-9 THC level is relevant, not THC-A., this hemp flower has a Delta-9 THC level well below 0.3% on a dry weight basis, therefore, this flower is hemp, not marijuana, and is perfectly legal to possess and sell. This right applies in any state pursuant to the Full Faith and Credit Clause, Article VI, Section 1 of the Constitution, the Supremacy Clause, Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution, and the Equal Protection Clause, Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment.

WARNING! If you choose to smoke CBD flowers, please be advised that you do so at your own risk; any form of smoke inhalation may be harmful to your health. All descriptions of the traditional uses of these CBD flowers have been taken from information available to the public on the internet and may not be substantiated by scientific evidence.

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